Indian Society continually absorbed and Assimilated new peoples through the process of Accommodation and not based on Acculturation. This spirit of accommodation lead to the so called Tolerance to other religions by Hindus.
Indian Society survived about 5,000 years without a strong State or a Church. Indian Society is built upon rich Social Systems contrary to the Christian West which is based on Political State and Theocratic Church. That is why I call our society's Culture as Social Culture.
Traditionally An Indian Village is a Socio-Economic organisation based on the principles of Humanity.
A Village consists of endogamous groups, called - Kulas, Varnas, Jatis, etc,.Each Kula/Varna/Jati is a Cluster of Families. Economic, Social, and Political activities are conducted by dominant Families of the Village based on Equitable distribution of Wealth, that is produced/acquired by the Village community .
To a superficial observer it may appear that the Wealth is not distributed equitably. But it happens so, because, the people of that Village are not of same Seniority in the Scale of habitation. That is some families may be living there for Centuries, some may be recent immigrants to that village! Naturally, Material wealth cannot be snatched by the new immigrants in the name of Equitable distribution of Wealth!
Kulas or Jaatis form into a village community for good. This Village community , some times broadly called a Kula , consist of various groups called Jaatis .
Traditionally , a full fledged Village community consists of Agriculturists / farmers, Artisans, Service Jaatis like Brahmans - Priest, Astrologist, Vaastu Expert, Barber, Washerman, Butcher, Drummer, Carpenter, Potter, Gold Smith, Iron Smith, Brass smith ,etc.,
Traditionally, all castes command some kind of respect in the village affairs irrespective of their scriptural Hierarchy in Varna division of the Society.
Profession of Farming was open to all. But, Village tank which was dug and maintained by a Kula or Jaati would not allow others to take water from that tank which owned by them, eventually. In that case that Kula which is keen in changing their profession to Agriculture have freedom to migrate to other area and do so.
Coming to our Concept of Greatness of Indian Society - These new families/groups/jaatis are Assimilated in a slow and cautious manner.
This is carried out through a Spirit of Accommodation. That is other or alien people are accommodated irrespective of their Religious affiliation or economic and cultural statuses. Westerners call it as Tolerance. I call this Spirit of Accommodation.
This was possible only because of Indian tradition of Assimilation of New flocks of peoples through the process of Accommodation and not based on Acculturation.
Integration of other peoples was left to the test of time. Hence, because of this process of Accommodation cultural give and take took place in course of time and culture got refined within the confines of Humanity.
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